Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. Its Indian Ocean coast lies between Somalia to the north east and Tanzania to the south. Its other surrounding countries are Ethiopia and Sudan to the north and Uganda to the west.
Kenya enjoys a tropical climate. It is hot and humid at the coast, temperate inland and very dry in the north and northeast parts of the country.
The average annual temperature for the coastal region range from 21° to 32°C (70° to 90°F) in January and 20° to 29°C (68° to 84°F) in July. The capital city, Nairobi has temperatures ranging from 9° to 29°C (48° to 84°F) in January and 7° to 26°C (45° to 79°F) in July.
There is plenty of sunshine all the year round and summer clothes are worn throughout the year. However, it is usually cool at night and early in the morning.
The long rains occur from April to June and short rains from October to December. The hottest period is from February to March and coldest in July to August.
Kenya has some of the world’s best parks (which may be referred to as national parks or game reserves). The parks are famous for lions, giraffes, elephants and huge herds of zebras, wildebeests or buffaloes.
The annual wildebeest migration (from Maasai Mara to the Serengeti) is an awesome sight and bookings to watch the migration are best done months in advance due to the high demand and limited lodging available in the Mara.
Kenya also is a great destination for beach holidays and has some of the world’s most beautiful beaches, located along the coastal regions and the city of Mombasa.
Kenya is also becoming a preferred golf holiday destination, with an abundance of beautiful courses around the major urban areas.
It is best to book a tour with a reliable operator to take care of all the details of your safari experience. This will allow you to see all the great wildlife that Kenya has to offer.
Kenya has a network of long distance bus lines. Speed is limited to 80km/h, and the highways can be very bumpy and dusty, so be sure you pick a comfortable and reputable coach company for the long journeys. Traveling during the day is preferable to traveling at night due to the threat of carjackings and road traffic accidents.
Local buses in town are run by private companies, such as the green and yellow Citi Hoppa, which provide transportation for an inexpensive fee (usually around US$ 0.66). They have regular services in and out of the Nairobi city suburbs. They usually seat 20-35 passengers (no standing passengers allowed by law) and are a cleaner and less hectic mode of transport than matatus, while still plying many of the same routes.
Matatus are privately operated minibuses, typically for 14 or 25 passengers and operating over short and medium distances. Travel by matatu can be somewhat risky as the vehicles are sometimes extremely badly driven, with matatu drivers swerving in and out of traffic and stopping at a moment’s notice by the side of the road for passengers. Some are poorly maintained, and many are to be found in fascinating and colorful decor, which is a major feature of Kenyan urban culture. Previously matatus were usually packed to well over capacity – up to 25 people in a 14-seater vehicle – but in recent years there has been increased government regulation and policing, especially in the larger cities, and now most provide seatbelts and do not exceed the vehicle’s stated capacity. An unfortunate side-effect of better regulation has been a loss of individuality and character of some of the vehicles, and drivers and conductors are now obliged to wear set uniforms. Matatus provide a very cheap and quick method of transport in all the major towns and many rural areas.
The Kenya-Uganda railway starts in Mombasa and travels via Nairobi to Kampala, Uganda.